Creative Stoke

The E-BNR aims to build a comprehensive & unique cross-artform guide to the British neo-Romantic tradition, from 1880 to the present day.

While the British Romantics of 1789-1824 have spawned a vast industry of publishers, conferences & tourism, the later neo-Romantic traditions remain largely neglected. The E-BNR is aimed at bringing this hidden tradition to light.

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  Neo-Romantic artists have drawn their inspiration   from artists of the age of Romanticism or earlier.   Characteristic themes in their work include a   mystical approach to the British landscape...

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  This is the online   Encyclopedia-BNR,   version 0.5 beta.

  Contact the editor.



George Macdonald.
Lewis Carroll.
John Ruskin.
Christina Rosetti.
Rudyard Kipling.
William Morris.
Richard Jefferies.
Edward Carpenter.
Kenneth Grahame.
Arthur Machen.
Algernon Blackwood.


G.M. Hopkins.
W.B. Yeats.
A.E. Housman
Laurence Binyon.


Gustav Holst.
Vaughan Williams.
Edward Elgar.
Granville Bantock.


Edward Burne-Jones.
Maxwell Armfield.
Mark Symons.
John Duncan.
George Henry.
  & Edward Atkinson

Gerald Moira.
Robert Bateman.
Samuel Palmer.
Walter Crane.
Edward Robert Hughes.
Bernard Sleigh.
Eleanor Fortescue

Nathaniel Sparks.
F.C. Robinson.
Reginald Hallward.
Laurence Housman.
James Joshua Guthrie.
Paul Nash.
Charles Mahoney.
Arthur Rackham.
Thomas Cooper Gotch.
Christopher Wood.


Aesthetic movement.
Birmingham Group.
Neo-gothic architecture.
Fairy & ghost photos.

1920s - 'places to hide':

Ballet design.
Book illustration.
The Kibbo Kift.



John Cowper Powys.
J.R.R. Tolkien.
Mervyn Peake.
C.S. Lewis.
Daphne du Maurier.
Mary Webb.
Herbert Read.
Forrest Reid
T.H. White.
Hugh Walpole.


Robert Graves.
Rev. Francis Kilvert.
Geoffrey Grigson.
Bill Brandt.
Roger Mayne.
John Deakin.
Nikolaus Pevsner.


Arnold Bax.
Vaughan Williams.


John Piper.
John Craxton.
John Minton.
David Jones.
Graham Sutherland.
Stanley Spencer.
Eric Ravilious.
Ralph Chubb.
Charles Mahoney.
Michael Ayrton.
Thomas Monnington.


Dylan Thomas.
Edwin Smith.
Ithell Colquhoun.
Francis Berry.
George Barker.
Laurence Whistler.


Humphrey Jennings.
Powell & Pressburger.
David Lean.
Epic British film music.





Featured entry - image Recent new entry - image

Ackroyd is one of our most interesting and persistent delvers into the romantic roots of English culture. Ackroyd's first novel, First Light, was about the mysterious influences arising from the excavation of a neolithic grave in Dorset. He later published the monumental and eclectic cultural history of England, Albion: The Origins of the English Imagination. His has also published a biography of William Blake, Blake, and was presenter of the major BBC television documentary series The Romantics (2006).

  Read his entry...


Recently added to the Encyclopedia is an entry for Robin Tanner. Tanner was an heir to the visionary tradition of Samuel Palmer, following a visit to a major Samuel Palmer exhibition in London, and spurred by the passion for Palmer's Shoreham works among fellow students such as Paul Drury, William Larkins and Graham Sutherland. His etchings of the English countryside are highly detailed and often incorporated visionary elements. His etching plates are now held at the Ashmolean Museum.

  Visit the full entry...

Featured book - image Featured events - image

The respected Resurgence magazine has recently published a new book of contemporary art, titled Images of Earth & Spirit - A Resurgence Art Anthology, edited by John Lane and Satish Kumar. Images of Earth & Spirit features the work of more than fifty artists has more than 140 illustrations accompanied by interviews. Artists featured include Andy Goldsworthy, Richard Long, David Nash, and Christopher Wood. All the artists featured have previously appeared in the pages of Resurgence.

  More about the book...

Paganism in Edwardian Literature.

Recently added to the Events Guide is an entry for a British Fantasy Society talk in London. Lindsay River will give a lecture on "Paganism in Edwardian and Georgian Literature" (Weds Nov 30th. 7.15 for 7.30 start. 5).

Lindsay River is a postgraduate researcher who has delved deeply into the literature of the Edwardian and Georgian period, and the manner in which it portrayed and re-imagined pagan religious sensibilities.

  visit the Events page...


New forms:

Earth Art.

Outsider Art.

Post-1945 film scores.

Post-1945 photography.

Science Fiction & Fantasy.

Eco-protestors & new nomads.

Recording the urban adaptations of folk cultures.

Post-Modernism - Neo-Romaticism without the nature?

Over seas:

Influences from America.

Influences from Europe.

Influences from Russia & Eastern Europe.

Influences from Japan.


Kitsch & ersatz commercialisation.

The seductions of magicians.

Fringe pseudo-sciences.

Goths & neo-pagan sub-cultures.

Underground rave sub-cultures.




Leslie Hurry.
Robin Tanner.
Ceri Richards.
Michael Ayrton.

  Classical music:

Havergal Brian.
Benjamin Britten.


Dylan Thomas   (reputation).
Vernon Watkins.
Ted Hughes.
Christopher Logue.
Keith Vaughan.
Ore magazine.
Eric Ratcliffe.
Edwin Morgan.
Roland Mathias.


Laurie Lee.
Alan Garner.
John Gordon.


Laurie Lee.
E.P. Thompson.
J.A. Baker.
Geoffrey Grigson.



Fay Godwin.
James Ravilious.
Raymond Moore.
Andy Goldsworthy.

  Popular music:

Robert Wyatt.
Syd Barrett.
Marc Bolan.
John Foxx.
Throbbing Gristle.
Genesis P. Orridge.
The Dancing Did.
Virginia Astley.
Brian Eno.
Roger Eno.

  Classical music:

Dave Heath.


Clifford Harper.


Derek Jarman.
David Rudkin.


Vivienne Westwood.


Angela Carter.
Ted Hughes.
Peter Ackroyd.
Heathcote Williams.
Keith Roberts.
Richard Cowper.
Robert Holdstock.
Susan Cooper.


Kathleen Raine.
Roland Mathias.
Gwyn Thomas.
R.S. Thomas.
George Mackay

Seamus Heaney.
Pauline Stainer.


Graham Ovenden.
Annie Ovenden.
Ann Arnold.
Robert Lenkiewicz.
John Elwyn.
Cecil Collins.
Ian Hamilton Finlay.
Andrew Logan.
Alan Reynolds.
Norman Ackroyd.
Christopher P. Wood.
Jim Leon.

  Groups & circles:

The Ruralists.
Temenos magazine.
Resurgence magazine.
Crop Circles, makers.
English Underground.

2000 - to the present:

Andrew Logan.
Ian Hamilton Finlay.
Vivienne Westwood.
Andy Goldsworthy.
Christopher Bucklow.
Peter Ackroyd.
Pauline Stainer.
Brian Eno.
Roger Eno.
Jon Aldersea.
Christopher P. Wood.
Made in Staffordshire, England.   2007. Last updated: 18th Jan 2007. Site search by PicoSearch.
Some of the initial E-BNR text was sourced or partly derived from Wikipedia, used here under the GNU licence.