ENTRY: Eno, Brian
Brian Peter George Eno (b. 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk) is an
English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. As a solo artist, he
is probably best known as the father of ambient music.
Eno first came to prominence as the keyboard and synthesiser player and general
sonic wizard of the 1970s' glam and art rock band Roxy Music. After leaving the
group, Eno recorded two highly idiosyncratic and original rock albums,
before turning to more abstract soundscapes on subsequent albums such
as Another Green World (1975) and in a more fully-developed
electronic form in Music for Airports (1978) and Music for Films (1978).
Eno schooled at St. Joseph's College, Birkfield, Ipswich Art School and
then the Winchester School of Art, graduating from the latter in 1969.
Eno started his professional musical career in London, as a member of the influential
glam/art-rock band Roxy Music, working with them from 1971 to 1973.
Eno embarked on a solo career and between 1973 and 1977 he created four influential
solo albums of electronically inflected pop songs – Here Come the Warm Jets,
Taking Tiger Mountain (By Strategy), Another Green World and
Before and after Science.
Eno continued his career by producing a larger number of highly eclectic and increasingly ambient
electronic and acoustic albums. He is widely cited as coining the term "ambient music,"
low-volume music designed to modify one's perception of a surrounding environment,
producing his Ambient series (Music for Films, Music for Airports, The Plateaux
of Mirror, Day of Radiance and On Land). The titles of tracks, and album artwork,
link the works to landscape - and in this they can be seen as linking spacious landscapes and
sublime emotion in a neo-romantic manner. The lyrics of his songs, up to and including
"The Belldog" (1978), are also imbued with the attitudes of romanticism.
1973: Here Come the Warm Jets
1974: Taking Tiger Mountain (By Strategy)
1975: Evening Star (with Robert Fripp)
1975: Another Green World
1977: Before and after Science
1978: Music for Films
1978: After the Heat (with Roedelius and Moebius)
1978: Music for Airports
1980: The Plateaux of Mirror
1981: Empty Landscapes
1982: On Land
1983: Apollo: Atmospheres and Soundtracks
Made in Staffordshire, England. © 2007.
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Some of the initial E-BNR text was sourced or partly derived from Wikipedia, used here under the GNU licence.