The E-BNR aims to build a comprehensive & unique cross-artform guide to
the British neo-Romantic tradition,
from 1880 to the present day.
While the British Romantics of 1789-1824 have spawned a vast industry of
publishers, conferences & tourism, the later neo-Romantic traditions
remain largely neglected. The E-BNR is aimed at bringing this hidden
tradition to light.
PayPal donations are very welcome! Click the
button below to make a small donation to ongoing site costs. Thanks!
WHAT IS NEO-ROMANTICISM ?
Neo-Romantic artists have drawn their inspiration
from artists of the age of Romanticism or earlier.
Characteristic themes in their work include a
mystical approach to the British landscape...
ENTRY: Kipling, Rudyard
Rudyard Kipling (b. December 30, 1865 d. January 18, 1936)
was a British author and poet, born in India. He is most notable, in respect of his influence on neo-romanticism,
for his books Puck of Pook's Hill and its sequel Rewards and Fairies.
In 1907 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature and still remains its
youngest-ever recipient, as well as the first English language writer to receive the prize. In
his own lifetime he was primarily regarded as a poet, and was offered a knighthood and the
post of royal poet laureate, though he turned them both down.
Kipling was born in Bombay to John Lockwood Kipling, a teacher, and
As an infant he was sent to England and was raised by an unfeeling nurse.
His maternal aunt was married to the artist Edward Burne-Jones, and young Kipling
and his sister spent Christmas holidays with the Burne-Joneses from
the ages of 6 to 12. After boarding school Kipling returned to India,
to Lahore where his parents were then working, in 1882. He began working as a sub-editor
for a small local newspaper and continued tentative
steps into the world of poetry; his first professional sales were in 1883.
He travelled extensively, seeing many nations, and puslishing as a travel writer.
In 1892 Kipling married Caroline (Carrie) Balestier. The marriage was not a happy one. While in America he began to
write for children, and published the works for which he is most remembered today
The Jungle Book and its sequel The Second Jungle Book in 1894 and 1895.
He and his wife later returned to England. Kipling's later became known for his poetry and
non-fiction. In 1906 he published Puck of Pook's Hill and in 1910 a sequel Rewards and Fairies.
The latter contained the poem "If ". The books dwell deeply on the power of English landscape, and the
place of history and enchantment in that landscape, based on the place that Kipling had settled,
Pevensey at Burwash, an area lovingly described in his autobiography. Another late work of fantasy was the influential
science-fiction story "With the Night Mail" (1912).
Kipling's links with the Scouting movements were strong. Baden-Powell, the founder of
Scouting used many themes from The Jungle Book stories and Kim in setting up his
junior movement, the Wolf Cubs. In this, Kipling can be seen to have strongly aided a long-standing
linkage between English children and the English countryside.
Rudyard Kipling is buried in Poets' Corner, part of the South Transept of
Westminster Abbey where many literary people are buried or commemorated.
Jad Adams. Kipling (2005)