Creative Stoke

The E-BNR aims to build a comprehensive & unique cross-artform guide to the British neo-Romantic tradition, from 1880 to the present day.

While the British Romantics of 1789-1824 have spawned a vast industry of publishers, conferences & tourism, the later neo-Romantic traditions remain largely neglected. The E-BNR is aimed at bringing this hidden tradition to light.

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  Neo-Romantic artists have drawn their inspiration   from artists of the age of Romanticism or earlier.   Characteristic themes in their work include a   mystical approach to the British landscape...

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  This is the online   Encyclopedia-BNR,   version 0.5 beta.

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George Macdonald.
Lewis Carroll.
John Ruskin.
Christina Rosetti.
Rudyard Kipling.
William Morris.
Richard Jefferies.
Edward Carpenter.
Kenneth Grahame.
Arthur Machen.
Algernon Blackwood.


G.M. Hopkins.
W.B. Yeats.
A.E. Housman
Laurence Binyon.


Gustav Holst.
Vaughan Williams.
Edward Elgar.
Granville Bantock.


Edward Burne-Jones.
Maxwell Armfield.
Mark Symons.
John Duncan.
George Henry.
  & Edward Atkinson

Gerald Moira.
Robert Bateman.
Samuel Palmer.
Walter Crane.
Edward Robert Hughes.
Bernard Sleigh.
Eleanor Fortescue

Nathaniel Sparks.
F.C. Robinson.
Reginald Hallward.
Laurence Housman.
James Joshua Guthrie.
Paul Nash.
Charles Mahoney.
Arthur Rackham.
Thomas Cooper Gotch.
Christopher Wood.


Aesthetic movement.
Birmingham Group.
Neo-gothic architecture.
Fairy & ghost photos.

1920s - 'places to hide':

Ballet design.
Book illustration.
The Kibbo Kift.



John Cowper Powys.
J.R.R. Tolkien.
Mervyn Peake.
C.S. Lewis.
Daphne du Maurier.
Mary Webb.
Herbert Read.
Forrest Reid
T.H. White.
Hugh Walpole.


Robert Graves.
Rev. Francis Kilvert.
Geoffrey Grigson.
Bill Brandt.
Roger Mayne.
John Deakin.
Nikolaus Pevsner.


Arnold Bax.
Vaughan Williams.


John Piper.
John Craxton.
John Minton.
David Jones.
Graham Sutherland.
Stanley Spencer.
Eric Ravilious.
Ralph Chubb.
Charles Mahoney.
Michael Ayrton.
Thomas Monnington.


Dylan Thomas.
Edwin Smith.
Ithell Colquhoun.
Francis Berry.
George Barker.
Laurence Whistler.


Humphrey Jennings.
Powell & Pressburger.
David Lean.
Epic British film music.






   ENTRY: Robinson, Frederick Cayley

Frederick Cayley Robinson (ARA, RWS, RBA, ROI, Brentford-upon-Thames 1862 - 1927) was an British Symbolist painter and book illustrator, working in the tradition of William Blake and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. He is also refered to in the literature as "F. Cayley Robinson" and "Frederick C. Robinson".

   In the 1880s he trained at St. John's Wood Academy, and then at the Royal Academy Schools. He completed his studies at the Academie Julian in Paris. He returned to England in 1906. He had three solo exhibitions during his lifetime. From 1914 until 1922 he taught at the Glasgow School of Art, although living in Lansdowne House, Holland Park, London. He was influential in pioneering tempera painting in Britain, and a strong influence in the Victorian rediscovery of Piero della Francesca.

   His early work was deeply influenced by his love of the sea and sailing, and the quality of the light in coastal areas. He was also influenced by the work of Edward Burne-Jones, and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. A wide-ranging artist, he also produced notable book illustrations (notably for the English translation of Nobel Prize-winner Maurice Maeterlinck's fairy play The Blue Bird), painted large murals, produced posters, and designed stage sets and costumes.

   Posthumous exhibitions of his work were held in London by the Fine Art Society in 1969 (The Earthly Paradise) and 1977 (Frederick Cayley Robinson). The majority of his work is held at the British Museum and at the Fitzwilliam in Cambridge. The Fitzwilliam held a show "Chasing Happiness: Maurice Maeterlinck, The Blue Bird and England" in 2006/7, showing the original Blue Bird set designs in public for the first time.

From The Blue Bird.

   There is a notable mural, Acts of Mercy, at the Middlesex Hospital. Nicolas Perry describes it thus...

"their hushed atmosphere, tense geometry and subdued colour scheme respond to the grim anxieties of the Home Front, as well as to their original classical setting. The figures wait - for the doctor, for food, for peace."'' "Journey to Arezzo".

Further reading:

J.H. Baron. Frederick Cayley Robinson's Acts of Mercy murals at the Middlesex Hospital, London. ''BMJ'' 1994, 309, pages 1723-1724 (24 December).

External links:

  • Poster for ''The Blue Bird''
  • Book illustrations for ''The Blue Bird''
  • Frederick Cayley Robinson on ARC.
  • "Traders of the Sea".





    Leslie Hurry.
    Robin Tanner.
    Ceri Richards.
    Michael Ayrton.

      Classical music:

    Havergal Brian.
    Benjamin Britten.


    Dylan Thomas   (reputation).
    Vernon Watkins.
    Ted Hughes.
    Christopher Logue.
    Keith Vaughan.
    Ore magazine.
    Eric Ratcliffe.
    Edwin Morgan.
    Roland Mathias.


    Laurie Lee.
    Alan Garner.
    John Gordon.


    Laurie Lee.
    E.P. Thompson.
    J.A. Baker.
    Geoffrey Grigson.



    Fay Godwin.
    James Ravilious.
    Raymond Moore.
    Andy Goldsworthy.

      Popular music:

    Robert Wyatt.
    Syd Barrett.
    Marc Bolan.
    John Foxx.
    Throbbing Gristle.
    Genesis P. Orridge.
    The Dancing Did.
    Virginia Astley.
    Brian Eno.
    Roger Eno.

      Classical music:

    Dave Heath.


    Clifford Harper.


    Derek Jarman.
    David Rudkin.


    Vivienne Westwood.


    Angela Carter.
    Ted Hughes.
    Peter Ackroyd.
    Heathcote Williams.
    Keith Roberts.
    Richard Cowper.
    Robert Holdstock.
    Susan Cooper.


    Kathleen Raine.
    Roland Mathias.
    Gwyn Thomas.
    R.S. Thomas.
    George Mackay

    Seamus Heaney.
    Pauline Stainer.


    Graham Ovenden.
    Annie Ovenden.
    Ann Arnold.
    Robert Lenkiewicz.
    John Elwyn.
    Cecil Collins.
    Ian Hamilton Finlay.
    Andrew Logan.
    Alan Reynolds.
    Norman Ackroyd.
    Christopher P. Wood.
    Jim Leon.

      Groups & circles:

    The Ruralists.
    Temenos magazine.
    Resurgence magazine.
    Crop Circles, makers.
    English Underground.

    2000 - to the present:

    Andrew Logan.
    Ian Hamilton Finlay.
    Vivienne Westwood.
    Andy Goldsworthy.
    Christopher Bucklow.
    Peter Ackroyd.
    Pauline Stainer.
    Brian Eno.
    Roger Eno.
    Jon Aldersea.
    Christopher P. Wood.
    Made in Staffordshire, England.   2007. Last updated: 18th Jan 2007. Site search by PicoSearch.
    Some of the initial E-BNR text was sourced or partly derived from Wikipedia, used here under the GNU licence.