Creative Stoke

The E-BNR aims to build a comprehensive & unique cross-artform guide to the British neo-Romantic tradition, from 1880 to the present day.

While the British Romantics of 1789-1824 have spawned a vast industry of publishers, conferences & tourism, the later neo-Romantic traditions remain largely neglected. The E-BNR is aimed at bringing this hidden tradition to light.

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  Neo-Romantic artists have drawn their inspiration   from artists of the age of Romanticism or earlier.   Characteristic themes in their work include a   mystical approach to the British landscape...

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  This is the online   Encyclopedia-BNR,   version 0.5 beta.

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George Macdonald.
Lewis Carroll.
John Ruskin.
Christina Rosetti.
Rudyard Kipling.
William Morris.
Richard Jefferies.
Edward Carpenter.
Kenneth Grahame.
Arthur Machen.
Algernon Blackwood.


G.M. Hopkins.
W.B. Yeats.
A.E. Housman
Laurence Binyon.


Gustav Holst.
Vaughan Williams.
Edward Elgar.
Granville Bantock.


Edward Burne-Jones.
Maxwell Armfield.
Mark Symons.
John Duncan.
George Henry.
  & Edward Atkinson

Gerald Moira.
Robert Bateman.
Samuel Palmer.
Walter Crane.
Edward Robert Hughes.
Bernard Sleigh.
Eleanor Fortescue

Nathaniel Sparks.
F.C. Robinson.
Reginald Hallward.
Laurence Housman.
James Joshua Guthrie.
Paul Nash.
Charles Mahoney.
Arthur Rackham.
Thomas Cooper Gotch.
Christopher Wood.


Aesthetic movement.
Birmingham Group.
Neo-gothic architecture.
Fairy & ghost photos.

1920s - 'places to hide':

Ballet design.
Book illustration.
The Kibbo Kift.



John Cowper Powys.
J.R.R. Tolkien.
Mervyn Peake.
C.S. Lewis.
Daphne du Maurier.
Mary Webb.
Herbert Read.
Forrest Reid
T.H. White.
Hugh Walpole.


Robert Graves.
Rev. Francis Kilvert.
Geoffrey Grigson.
Bill Brandt.
Roger Mayne.
John Deakin.
Nikolaus Pevsner.


Arnold Bax.
Vaughan Williams.


John Piper.
John Craxton.
John Minton.
David Jones.
Graham Sutherland.
Stanley Spencer.
Eric Ravilious.
Ralph Chubb.
Charles Mahoney.
Michael Ayrton.
Thomas Monnington.


Dylan Thomas.
Edwin Smith.
Ithell Colquhoun.
Francis Berry.
George Barker.
Laurence Whistler.


Humphrey Jennings.
Powell & Pressburger.
David Lean.
Epic British film music.







   New! 18.01.07   Added entry for the Frederick Cayley Robinson.

   New! 22.09.06   Added entry for the Birmingham Group.

   New! 17.09.06   Site search-engine now installed and working.

   New! 17.09.06   All pages on individuals are now filled with their entry, even if this is not yet completely polished and illustrated. Articles on groups, tendencies and magazines now have a blank 'holding page' only, and these will be filled next.

   New! 17.09.06   Added entries for Annie Ovenden, Ann Arnold, Robert Lenkiewicz, Ian Hamilton Finlay, Andrew Logan, Alan Reynolds, Norman Ackroyd, Jim Leon, Cecil Collins, Christopher Bucklow and Christopher P. Wood.

   New! 10.09.06   Added entries for R.S. Thomas, Seamus Heaney, George Mackay Brown.

   New! 08.09.06   Added entries for David Rudkin, Vivienne Westwood, Angela Carter. Keith Roberts, Richard Cowper, Robert Holdstock, Susan Cooper, Heathcote Williams, Kathleen Raine, Gwyn Thomas.

   New! 08.09.06   Added entries for Genesis P. Orridge, The Dancing Did, Brian Eno, Roger Eno, Clifford Harper.

   New! 06.09.06   Added entries for Robert Wyatt, Syd Barratt, Marc Bolan, John Foxx.

   New! 06.09.06   Added entries for Keith Vaughan, Eric Ratcliffe, Edwin Morgan, Roland Mathias, John Gordon, Laurie Lee, E.P. Thompson, J.A. Baker.

   New! 05.09.06   Added entries for Leslie Hurry, Brian Havergal, Benjamin Britten, Vernon Watkins, Ted Hughes, Christopher Logue.

   New! 05.09.06   Added entries for Dylan Thomas, Edwin Smith, Ithell Colquhoun, Francis Berry, George Barker, Laurence Whistler, Humphrey Jennings, Powell & Pressburger, David Lean.

   New! 05.09.06   Added entries for John Piper, John Craxton, John Minton, David Jones, Stanley Spencer, Michael Ayrton.

   New! 05.09.06   Added entries for Robert Graves, Rev. Francis Kilvert, Bill Brandt, Roger Mayne, John Deakin, Nikolaus Pevsner, Arnold Bax. Roger Mayne and John Deakin are interesting mainly for their influence on the current developments around ideas of the cultural psychogeographies of cities.

   New! 05.09.06   Added entries for John Cowper Powys, J.R.R. Tolkien, Mervyn Peake, C.S. Lewis, Daphne du Maurier, Mary Webb, Herbert Read, Forrest Reid, T.H. White, Hugh Walpole.

   New! 04.09.06   Added entries for James Joshua Guthrie, Laurence Housman, Reginald Hallward, Nathaniel Sparks, Eleanor Fortescue-Brickdale, Bernard Sleigh, Edward Robert Hughes, Walter Crane, John Duncan, Mark Symons, and Burne-Jones.

   New! 04.09.06   Added entries for Gustav Holst, Vaughan Williams, Edward Elgar, Granville Bantock. Added entries for Paul Nash, Christopher Wood, Arthur Rackham, and Charles Mahoney.

   New! 03.09.06   Added entries for George MacDonald, Lewis Carroll, John Ruskin, Christina Rosetti, Rudyard Kipling, William Morris, Kenneth Grahame, Arthur Machen, Algernon Blackwood, Saki, Gerard Manley Hopkins, W.B. Yeates, Eric Ravilious, James Ravilious, Geoffrey Grigson, Fay Godwin, Raymond Moore, Andy Goldsworthy, Pauline Stainer, Derek Jarman, English Underground, Graham Ovenden, The Brotherhood of Ruralists, Thomas Cooper Gotch, Samuel Palmer, Robert Bateman, Laurence Binyon, and Graham Sutherland.

   New! 03.09.06   Front page and directory/names structure completed. Articles added: Peter Ackroyd, Robin Tanner. Draft external links page completed and linked. Draft bibliography completed. Initial quotes added to the quotes page.

   New! 03.09.06   The E-BNR is launched in early beta format! Most articles are incomplete, or missing entirely, or are in a draft state. Some will be adapted texts from Wikipedia, being used to initially 'seed' the site. Site users should not rely on the E-BNR until it reaches v1.0 and is out of beta.





Leslie Hurry.
Robin Tanner.
Ceri Richards.
Michael Ayrton.

  Classical music:

Havergal Brian.
Benjamin Britten.


Dylan Thomas   (reputation).
Vernon Watkins.
Ted Hughes.
Christopher Logue.
Keith Vaughan.
Ore magazine.
Eric Ratcliffe.
Edwin Morgan.
Roland Mathias.


Laurie Lee.
Alan Garner.
John Gordon.


Laurie Lee.
E.P. Thompson.
J.A. Baker.
Geoffrey Grigson.



Fay Godwin.
James Ravilious.
Raymond Moore.
Andy Goldsworthy.

  Popular music:

Robert Wyatt.
Syd Barrett.
Marc Bolan.
John Foxx.
Throbbing Gristle.
Genesis P. Orridge.
The Dancing Did.
Virginia Astley.
Brian Eno.
Roger Eno.

  Classical music:

Dave Heath.


Clifford Harper.


Derek Jarman.
David Rudkin.


Vivienne Westwood.


Angela Carter.
Ted Hughes.
Peter Ackroyd.
Heathcote Williams.
Keith Roberts.
Richard Cowper.
Robert Holdstock.
Susan Cooper.


Kathleen Raine.
Roland Mathias.
Gwyn Thomas.
R.S. Thomas.
George Mackay

Seamus Heaney.
Pauline Stainer.


Graham Ovenden.
Annie Ovenden.
Ann Arnold.
Robert Lenkiewicz.
John Elwyn.
Cecil Collins.
Ian Hamilton Finlay.
Andrew Logan.
Alan Reynolds.
Norman Ackroyd.
Christopher P. Wood.
Jim Leon.

  Groups & circles:

The Ruralists.
Temenos magazine.
Resurgence magazine.
Crop Circles, makers.
English Underground.

2000 - to the present:

Andrew Logan.
Ian Hamilton Finlay.
Vivienne Westwood.
Andy Goldsworthy.
Christopher Bucklow.
Peter Ackroyd.
Pauline Stainer.
Brian Eno.
Roger Eno.
Jon Aldersea.
Christopher P. Wood.
Made in Staffordshire, England.   2007. Last updated: 18th Jan 2007. Site search by PicoSearch.
Some of the initial E-BNR text was sourced or partly derived from Wikipedia, used here under the GNU licence.